|Ground Beetle - Calleida punctata|
Family Carabidae - Ground and Tiger Beetles
Live adult beetles photographed DuPage County, Illinois, USA. Beetles Main | Beetles Index
Beetles in the Coleoptera family Carabidae are usually active nocturnal hunters, with the notable exception of the subfamily Cicindellidae (Tiger Beetles) which are almost all diurnal. There are more than 22,000 species worldwide and approximately 2,500 in North America. The adult beetles range from 1/8-inch to 1¼ inches long. Variable in shape, they are usually elongate, heavy bodied, and slightly or distinctly tapered at the head end. While generally dark in color (dark brown to black), some beetles are an attractive purple or metallic green, or are multi-colored, as in the case of some tropical species.
Larval ground beetles are elongate and wormlike in appearance; most live in burrows in the soil or in leaf litter or other debris. Both larval and adult ground beetles have powerful and prominent mandibles. Most ground beetles feed on a variety of insects, many of which are garden pests such as cutworms or snails and slugs. A few species feed on pollen or seeds.
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