|Tortricid Moth - Epiblema sp. |
Family Tortricidae -- commonly called tortrix moths, leaf rollers, leaf tyers, bell moths
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Live adult moth photographed at Winfield, DuPage County IL June 20, 2005.
This moth's camouflage consists of mimicking a bird dropping.
Tortricidae is a large family of moths, with over 6,300 species described. Many of these are economically important pests. The typical resting posture is with the wings folded back producing a rather rounded profile. Tortricidae is considered to be the single most important family of (larval) insects that feed on apple, feeding on fruit, buds, leaves and shoots. In New York state, no less than 17 species of Tortricidae have gained pest status in regards to apple production.
The Tortricidae are one of the largest families of the so-called micro-lepidoptera. Though worldwide in distribution, the family is more strongly represented in temperate and tropical upland regions then in the lowland tropics and probably reaches its greatest diversity in the moss forests of tropical latitudes. The family is of great economical importance: the larvae of many representatives cause major economic damage in agriculture, horticulture and forestry on a wide variety of crops including pomes and stone fruits, citrus fruits, grapes, ornamental crops, tea, coffee, cereals and cotton. In forestry, many species of both coniferous and deciduous trees are attacked by the pest species. They are sometimes commonly called "bell moths" by the British. Their resting posture is said to resemble a church bell.
Many Tortricid larvae spin their cocoons incorporating a plant's rolled or folded leaf.
Order Lepidoptera: Moths. Unlike the butterflies, moths are usually nocturnal. Many moths and their caterpillars are major agricultural pests in large parts of the world. Moths in the family Tineidae are commonly regarded as pests because their larvae eat fabrics, clothes and blankets made from natural fibers such as wool or silk. Moths in the genus Farinalis feed on stored grain, flour, corn meal and other milled grain products.
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