Nordmann Fir - Abies nordmanniana
Family Pinaceae: Pine, Cedar, Spruce, Fir

A native of Asia Minor and the Caucasus, this fir is cold-hardy to USDA zone 3.
Custom Search
A native of Asia Minor and the Caucasus, Nordmann fir is a fine textured, densely branched tree with a narrow, upright shape.  Under cultivation, the Caucasian fir grows to 60 feet and 20 feet wide. It typically holds living branches to the ground.  Needles are 1 to 1.5 inches long and dark green in color.  Two white stomatal bands run on the underside of the needles. 

Upper needles are shorter and point forward.  This tree is reported to be one of the easiest firs to grow, growing on acidic, neutral to somewhat alkaline conditions, and sandy, loamy or heavier clay soils.  It can grow in full shade to full sun.  This fir prefers moist but well drained soils.  It is unknown how well it will handle Midwest summer heat.  (1)


Morton Arboretum acc. 218-53*1 - Nordmann fir from planting, is 56 years old
References:
1. USDA ARS NC-7 Woody Ornamental Evaluation Trials - 2002 Accessions
2. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.  (GRIN)
Tree Encyclopedia / North American Insects & Spiders is dedicated to providing scientific and educational resources for our users through use of large images and macro photographs of flora and fauna.
Custom Search
Tree Encyclopedia | Tree Index
Trees live longer than any other organism on earth. Trees commonly live more than 1,000 years, and many grow considerably older. Trees have been living on Earth for more than 370 million years, and today can be found almost everywhere from the Arctic Circle to the Sahara Desert. Explore over 2,000 large format pictures of trees in more than 400 species. Family Pinaceae: Pine, Cedar, Spruce, and Fir
© Red Planet Inc.