Common Pear - Pyrus communis
Family Rosaceae - Rose Family; Fruit Trees

Common pear has been cultivated for thousands of years in China and Asia Minor. -Rose Index-
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Common Pear Tree
Common Pear is a large ornamental growing quickly to 35 to 50 feet in height and 1 to 1½ feet in trunk diameter. It takes on an upright, pyramidal form when young, becoming more oval and spreading with age. It grows best in full sun but will tolerate partial shade. Likes moist and well-drained soil but is easily adapted to various stressors, including acidic and alkaline Ph, restricted growth space, pollution, drought, and pruning.

Fruit: A large edible pome, 3 to 4 inches, pear-shaped (what else).

Common pear is a great wildlife tree that produces abundant fruit for many species. Deer, bear and raccoons love the fruit. Fruit will ripen in early fall and drop when the temperature starts to get colder. Common Pear is grown in orchards to produce large quantities of fruit for human consumption [5].

Flowers in spring are showy, white inflorescences. Foliage is green to dark green, alternate, ovate to orbicular, fluttering. Fall color is variable and generally not showy, ranging from purple, orange, yellow to red. Color does not develop until late season, November and December.

Pear has fine-grained wood "pink to yellow" in tone. It is prized for woodwind instruments and its veneer is used for fine furniture. Pear has one of the finest of textures of the fruitwoods, and was often used in making instruments such as lutes, recorders and - because of its hardness - the jacks of harpsichords.

Common Pear Blossoms
The cultivation of the pear extends to the remotest antiquity. Traces of pearwood have been found in ancient Swiss lake-dwellings; it is mentioned in the oldest Greek writings, and was cultivated by the Romans. The word "pear" or its equivalent occurs in all the Celtic languages, while in Slavonic and other dialects different appellations, but still referring to the same thing, are found—a diversity and multiplicity of nomenclature which led Alphonse de Candolle to infer a very ancient cultivation of the tree from the shores of the Caspian to those of the Atlantic.

A certain race of pears, with white down on the under surface of their leaves, is supposed to have originated from P. nivalis, and their fruit is chiefly used in France in the manufacture of cider. Other small-fruited pears, distinguished by their precocity and apple-like fruit, may be referred to P. cordata, a species found wild in western France, and in Devonshire and Cornwall. Pears have been cultivated in China for approximately 3000 years [3].

Common Pear Bark
References:
  1. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program (GRIN), Pyrus calleryana Decne.
  2. Common Pear, Morton Arboretum acc. 460-64*1, Photos by Bruce Marlin
  3. Pronunciation of Pyrus calleryana from University of Connecticut Plant Database
  4. The University of Virginia, "Common Pear"
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Family Rosaceae - Rose Family; Fruit Trees
Containing Hawthorns, Apples, Pears, Cherries, Plums, Peach, Almond, Mountain-Ash and Whitebeam. Rosaceae is a large family of plants with about 3,000 species in ~100 genera. Crabapple and other fruit trees provide some of our most outstanding flowering ornamentals. Tree Encyclopedia | Tree Index | Rosaceae Index
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